Saturday, 23 June 2018

Eco-Fascism, Nazismen og den Grønne Bevegelsen

Nazismen hadde dype røtter i klima, dyrevern og beskyttelse av natur. I denne korte boken deler forfatterene denne koblingen. Det åpenbart en kobling mellom å være mer opptatt av å verne dyr enn å verne livet til mennesker slik som Nazistene var. I dagens samfunn praktiserer vi abort samtidig som vi snakker om kinesiske hunde festivaler og dyrevern. En kan gjerne si at de som likestiller dyr og natur med mennesket ofte vil ende opp med å ikke bevare menneskeverdet. Mens de som skiller mennesket og dyr samtidig som en holder til at mennesket er verdifullt og over naturen vil ofte ende opp med å bevare begge deler.

Jeg støtter selv både dyre og naturvern. Ingen av delene bør misbrukes. Men jeg vil likevel påstå at dagens grønne bevegelse kanskje er en av de aller største truslene til å opprettholde menneskeverdet. Det er bare å se på land som feks India som tilber naturen. Dette er ikke land som er kjente for menneskerettigheter og i det hele tatt god behandling av mennesker. Når skillet mellom dyr og mennesket forsvinner så er det fort at mennesket må betale prisen. Sitatene nedenfor viser hvordan nettopp dyrevern, natur tilbedelse og det grønne livssynet spilte en viktig rolle for Nazistene å undergrave mennesket verdi. De var opptatt av dyrevern og naturvern. Hitler var vegetarian og gjorde mer for å bevare dyr enn mennesker. Dyr fikk beskyttelse og mennesker han ikke likte ble gasset.

"As Peter Staudenmaier shows the first essay in this pamphlet, important tendencies in German "ecologism," which has long roots in the nineteenth-century nature mysticism, fed into the rise of Nazism in the twentieth century. During the Third Reich, Studenmaier goes on the show, Nazi "ecologist" even made organic farming, vegetarianism, nature worship, and related themes into key elements not only in their ideology but in their governmental policies." (Introduction)

"We recognize that separating humanity from nature, from the whole of life, leads to humankind's own destruction and to the death of nations. Only through a re-integration of humanity into the whole of nature can our people be stronger. That is the fundamental point of the biological task of our age. Humankind alone is no longer the focus of thought, but rather life as a whole... This striving toward connectedness with the totality of life, with nature itself, a nature into which we are born, this is the deepest meaning and the tru essence of Nationalist Socialist thought." (loc 81 Kindle)

"Germany is not only the birthplace of the science of ecology and the site of Green politics' rise to prominence; it has also been home to a peculiar synthesis of naturalism and nationalism forged under the influence of the Romantic tradition's anti-Enlightenment irrationalism. Two nineteenth century figures exemplify this ominous conjunction. Ernst Moritz Arndt and Wilhelm Heinrich Riehl. While best known in Germany for his fanatical nationalism, Arndt was also dedicated to the cause of the peasantry, which  led him to a concern for the welfare of the land itself. Historians of German environmentalism mentioned him as the earliest example of 'ecological' thinking in the modern sense." (loc 106)

"In 1867 German zoologist Ernest Haeckel coined the term 'ecology' and began to establish it is a scientific discipline dedicated to studying the interactions between organism and environment." He continues, "Haeckel contributed to that special variety of German though which served as the seed bed for National socialism. He became of Germany's major ideologists for racism, nationalism and imperialism. Near the end of his life he joined the Thule Society, " a secret, radically right wing organization which played a key role in the establishment of the Nazi movement." (Loc 149)

"Haeckel held that "civilization and the life of nations are governed by the same laws as prevail throughout nature and organic life." (Loc 159)

"Another philosopher and stern critic of Enlightenment who helped bridge fascism and environmentalism was Martin Heidegger. A much more renowned thinker than Klages, Heidegger preached "authentic Being" and harshly criticized modern technology, and is therefore often celebrated as a precursor of ecological thinking. On the basis of his critique of technology and rejection of humanism, contemporary deep ecologist have elevated Heidegger to their pantheon of eco-heroes." (Loc 235 Kindle)

"Nazi hierarchy which are today  conventionally associated with ecological attitudes. Hitler of Himmler were both strict vegetarians and animal lovers, attracted to nature mysticism and homeopathic cures, and staunchly opposed to vivisection and cruelty to animals. Himmler even established experimental organic farms to grow herbs for the Ss medicinal purposes. And Hitler, at times, could sound like a veritable Green utopian, discussing authoritatively and in detail various renewable energy sources (including environmentally appropriately hydropower and producing natural gas from sludge as alternatives to coal, and declaring "water, wind and tides" the energy path of the future." (Loc 310 Kindle)

"A study of the membership rolls of several mainstream Weimar era Naturschutz (nature protection) organization revealed that by 1939, fully 60% of these conservationist had joined the NASDAP (compared to about 10 percent of adult men and 25 percent of teachers and lawyers). Clearly the affinities between environmentalism and National Socialism ran deep."

"The green wing of the NSDAP was not a group of innocents, confused and manipulated idealists, or reformers from within; they were conscious promoters and executors of a vile program explicitly dedicated to inhuman racist violence, massive political repression and worldwide military domination. Their 'ecological' involvement, far from offsetting these fundamental commitments, deepened and radicalized them. In the end, their configuration of environmental politics was directly and substantially responsible for organized mass murder."

"This is the true legacy of eco-fascism in power: "genocide developed into a necessity under the cloak of environmental protection." 

"Eichberg regard Judeo-Christianity as the ultimate root of all present evils, since it is overly intellectual and alienate humanity both from itself and from the divine; it neglects the emotions and the body. Tied in as it is with the logic of productivism, Christianity, Eichberg writes, is the "religion of growth" that must be fought all costs. To help cultivate "national identity," he proposed instead a new religion that mixes together neopagan Germanic, Celtic, and Indian religions with old volkisch nationalistic ideas. It is to be based on "the sensuality-physicality of dance and ritual, ceremony and taboo, meditation, prayer and ecstasy. In essence, (this religion) constitutes itself as a form of praxis" against the "religion of growth" since its "sensuous counter-experiences" can restore humanity to closer contact with nature. Sounding like many New Agers in the United States, Eichberg calls for a return to pristine nature, to the alleged primordial source of people's lives, psyches, and authentic cultures, and for people to heal themselves within as part of healing the ecological crisis, overcoming their own alienation, and rediscovering themselves." (kindle loc 813)

Relevante poster

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