Friday, 6 October 2017

Friedrich Hayek om Nazismen

Det finnes utrolig mange feilaktige forståelser om Nazismen og hva det faktisk er. Under overskrift og totalitære ideologier finner du flere poster der jeg prøver å forklare Nazismen. I denne posten vil jeg ikke forklare, men sitere nobelprisvinneren i økonomi Friedrich Hayek som levde under andre verdenskrig og som var fra Østerrike. Østerrike ble overtatt av Tyskland og Hayek som var anti-kommunist og forstod disse tinge mye bedre enn de fleste har et lang og veldig interessant sitat som forklarer Nazismen.

Du finner dette sitatet i boken, 'Economics: Socialism' av Ludwig Von Mises som først ble publisert i 1922. Forordet til denne klassikeren ble skrevet av Frederick Hayek. Det er forordet jeg siterer:

Quote: It is important to realize that Fascism and Nazism were socialist dictatorships. The communists, both the registered members of the communist parties and the fellow-travelers, stigmatize Fascism and Nazism as the highest and last and most depraved stage of capitalism. This is in perfect agreement with their habit of calling every party which does not unconditionally surrender to the dictates of Moscow — even the German Social Democrats, the classical party of Marxism — hirelings of capitalism.

It is of much greater consequence that the communists have succeeded in changing the semantic connotation of Fascism. Fascism…was a variety of Italian socialism.…
Dictatorship and violent oppression of all dissenters are today exclusively socialist institutions.

The philosophy of the Nazis, the German National Socialist Labor Party, is the purest and most consistent manifestation of the anti-capitalistic and socialist spirit of our age.…
The slogan into which the Nazis condensed their economic philosophy, viz., Gemeinutz geht vor Eigennutz (i.e., the commonweal ranks above private profit), is likewise the idea underlying the American New Deal and the Soviet management of economic affairs. It implies that profit-seeking business harms the vital interests of the immense majority, and that it is the sacred duty of popular government to prevent the emergence of profits by public control of production and distribution.…

For more than seventy years the German professors of political science, history, law, geography and philosophy eagerly imbued their disciples with a hysterical hatred of capitalism, and preached the war of “liberation” against the capitalistic West. The German “socialists of the chair,” much admired in all foreign countries, were the pacemakers of the two World Wars. At the turn of the century the immense majority of Germans were already radical supporters of socialism and aggressive nationalism. They were then already firmly committed to the principles of Naziism. What was lacking and was added later was only a new term to signify their doctrine.

When the Soviet policies of mass extermination of all dissenters and of ruthless violence removed the inhibitions against wholesale murder, which still troubled some of the Germans, nothing could any longer stop the advance of Naziism. The Nazis were quick to adopt the Soviet methods. They imported from Russia: the one-party system and the pre-eminence of this party in political life; the paramount position assigned to the secret police; the concentration camps, the administrative execution or imprisonment of all opponents; the extermination of the families of suspects and of exiles; the methods of propaganda; the organization of affiliated parties abroad and their employment for fighting their domestic governments and espionage and sabotage; the use of the diplomatic and consular service for fomenting revolution; and many other things besides. There were nowhere more docile disciples of Lenin, Trotsky and Stalin than the Nazis were.…

The Nazi plan was more comprehensive and therefore more pernicious than that of the Marxians. It aimed at abolishing laissez-faire not only in the production of material goods, but no less in the production of men. The Fuhrer was not only the general manager of all industries; he was also the general manager of the breeding farm intent upon rearing superior men and eliminating inferior stock. A grandiose scheme of eugenics was to be put into effect according to “scientific” principles.”…



The mass slaughters (of Jews) perpetrated in the Nazi horror camps are too horrible to be adequately described by words. But they were the logical and consistent application of (socialist) doctrines and policies parading as applied science and approved by some men who in a sector of the natural sciences have displayed acumen and technical skill in laboratory research (End quote).